Reaction to threats should be seamless to consciousness to fear. This little neural nugget has gone from an obscure area of the brain to practically a household word, one that has come to be synonymous with “fear.” And for many people, my name, too, is practically synonymous with “fear.” I am often said to have identified the amygdala as the brain’s “fear” center. This problem is especially acute in neuroscience, where we start from mental state words (like fear) that have historical meanings and treat the words as if they are entities that live in brain areas (like the amygdala). EA Phelps, JE LeDoux ... JC Gatenby, JC Gore, JE LeDoux, EA Phelps. Then other pathways lead to the 'threat' neurons in the amygdala, leading to signalling for production of PSNA hormones, such as adrenaline and cortisol. You have a stimulus and a response, and you can see how they connect up in the brain. I think not one of any one's breath respond to every trigger in the brain. We humans frequently feel afraid when we find ourselves freezing or fleeing when in harm’s way. does it because your conscious part of your brain interpret it as a threat? I am so relieved to see you explore that important distinction made between the physiological sensations and the emotional state. And a good dose of The Amygdaloids. )-conscious "pattern matching" mechanism is behind all this). The contribution of the amygdala to emotion results in large part from its anatomical connectivity (reviewed in (LeDoux, 2000)). The amygdala is … Joseph E. LeDoux has been instrumental in elucidating the amygdala's role in fear conditioning. Brain imaging studies of healthy humans (people without brain damage) suggest something similar. At the LeDoux lab at NYU Joseph LeDoux and his colleagues have been studying the amygdala for decades. People may perceive they are in danger thus producing feelings of fear after acknowledgment of danger; so, a loud bump in the night may get our attention (thank you amygdala); our fear stems from a scenario of what we think the danger may be. Unfortunately, and as it seems to me, obviously, Joseph LeDoux, too, is wrong: drl. It is very speculative for Dr. Ladeux to suggest that scientists around the world have concluded that the Amygdila is the center of fear. And since, as I said, there is no possibility here to "paint the WHOLE picture", I would just like to give you a precious [I hope :-) ] tip: In regard to the PTSD: unfortunately, here, too, most of those so-called "experts" (doctors, psychologists, "scientists"; the worst of all are psychiatrists and their highly destructive poisons - in my eyes they are criminals!!!!!!) After all Psychologists should have a sense of urgency in regards to helping people fully heal right? The Amygdala Fear Circuit View. When one hears the word “fear,” the pull of the vernacular meaning is so strong that the mind is compelled to think of the feeling of being afraid. Joseph E LeDoux Ph.D. That is my hypothesis: PY - 2003/10. We say “the amygdala,” but there are two amygdalas. Smart researchers in Africa have never made the mistake he is suggesting in this article. Trends Cogn Sci. And especially the so-called "scientists" are constantly contributing a mass of "anti-knowledge" to almost every aspect of our lives (as one can easily see from the moment on that one starts looking oneself, openmindedly, for what is REALLY real). And besides, since this thread is rather old, nobody will read this anyway. The "soul" resides. Contributions of the amygdala to emotion processing: from animal models to human behavior. The amygdala has a role in fear, but it is not the one that is popularly described. Joseph LeDoux: Yeah. Y1 - 2003/10. The same brain system underlies threat learning in humans. The amygdala therefore serves as an experimentally accessible entry point into the distributed network of brain regions that mediate complex emotional evaluations. The existence of the amygdala was first formally recognized in the early 19th century. Tremendousprogress has beenmade in basic neuroscience in recent decades. Check out Joe’s book tour and new ‘songs of life’. Of course it's not the entire region of the brain responsible for fear.